Francisco Franco Francisco Franco was the totalitarian leader in Spain. Before having absolute power he was the General of the Spanish Army.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Totalitarian Regime: Throughout the whole continent a trend of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes, with political features the world had never seen before, was developing.
These reforms were mainly started by the anti-democratic movement; however the reasons differed in each country. It involves complete revolution of the state with ideological backgrounds; the greatness of the state was more important than the interests and needs of the individual. It also meant a regime which is more centered on the acuteness of the society and stability in political ideas.
The Government had total control of the media. Every form of communication was liable and was heavily censored; there was no freedom of speech. This enabled the government to influence popular opinion via propaganda and also false news messages. Especially propaganda within the Nazi regime was highly effective.
They released the importance of the Radio and newspaper as a media to communicate with the masses. They carefully planned radio broadcasts and also used rallies and films to make a whole population believe that Hitler and the party had the overwhelming support of the masses.
In the end all news, rumours and opinions within the state were produced or at least influenced by the government; a classic sign of a totalitarian leader exerting his control. However not everyone is sensible for propaganda; you cannot force someone to watch television, to read the newspaper or to listen to the radio.
To reach also these people alternative methods of ensuring control were developed. Part of this plan was the secret police which had the role to find enemies of the state. People were very afraid of getting caught by this organization; there sanctions were disproportional harsh, making people think twice before questioning the state.
Often they would be publicly humiliated or even tortured. But that was not all, the police and Gestapo had the authority to remove people from their homes and send them, quite often without trial, to concentration camps.
Once again this was made to frighten the people but also ensured that the more determined opponent of the state was removed from the public domain. In total Germany under Hitler is a good example of what a totalitarian state is.
People did not question decisions, even if they appeared totally absurd. It was evident that working against the party, or even being perceived as a potential threat would lead to prison.
Through careful manipulation and misleading information the authorities could do what they wanted to do as the people either knew nothing about actions made or were too afraid to speak out about them.
In Spain, after the Civil War, the authoritarian regime which came to power was headed by the leader of the Nationalist forces, General Franco. In addition to being generalissimo of the armed forces, he was both chief of state and head of government, the ultimate source of legitimate authority.
He was able to deal with changing domestic and international situations quite easy because he never formulated a true, comprehensive, constitutional system. Seven fundamental laws decreed during his rule provided the regime with an appearance of constitutionalism, but they were developed after the fact, usually to legitimize an existing situation or spread of power.
Similar to the propaganda use in the Nazi regime it acted as a method to make the society think what they wanted them to think. Franco employed new political strategies to mobilize public support, using the new mass media such as radio broadcasts and mass rallies as well as posters.
His leading also lacked the ideological concept characteristic of totalitarian governments. Later in his regime he gradually relaxed the repressiveness. Workers got a right to strike, though it was limited, military courts were disestablished and for some members of the parliament there were even elections introduced; political parties were still banned.
Franco, set up a government which was similar in many ways the one of Hitler in Germany. Repression, military courts and mass executions were used.
However this regime was not completely fascist in supporting the church for example, which kept the control over education. In the Hitler regime that would never have happened. In Germany repression in general had a much heavier impact on society as well as the actions taken by the secret police used to frighten the public.
In conclusion we could say that Hitler indeed had more success in establishing and leading a totalitarian government.In most totalitarian regimes the dictator is responsible for nobody but himself, 6 which holds true in Hitler’s case, however, in the case of Mussolini, a higher power still remained.
King Victor was king of Italy throughout the era of the Fascist regime, meaning that perhaps Mussolini was not a true dictator, for he still had to answer to the . A centrally directed economy is another criterion for a totalitarian regime, and though it was neither man’s greatest priority, Hitler and Mussolini both took steps to mould Germany and Italy’s economy to suit their ideologies.
Apr 07, · XXXVIII stated: “Religious instruction shall consist in the teaching of Catholic ethics, Christian doctrine, the old testament and the gospels” (7). This adapting to society, culture and religion is at odds with the idea of the total absorption of such things one would normally expect of .
Franco also had a secret police following his orders but it was relatively tame compared to Hitler’s system of terroristic police control. However the regime’s strong degree of control, Franco did not managed totalitarian domination of all social, cultural, and religious institutions, or of the whole economy.
The label "totalitarian" was twice affixed to the Hitler regime during Winston Churchill's speech of October 5, before the House of Commons in opposition to the Munich Agreement, by which France and Great Britain consented to Nazi Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland.
Apr 07, · What is Totalitarianism and how dictatorial was the Fascist regime in Italy compared to it`s contemporaries in Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia?
Totalitarianism has been defined as being a form of government that includes control of everything under one authority and allows no opposition.