The radical changes needed for the improvement of the trkiyes education system

Conservatories Application and research centers In the academic year — there were 76 universities, 53 of which belonged to the state and 23 to foundations.

The radical changes needed for the improvement of the trkiyes education system

University links According to the Constitution of the Republic of Turkeyevery citizen has the right to education which is free of charge for the compulsory primary education. Except in specially licensed and foreign institutions, Turkish must be taught as the mother tongue.

The Ministry of National Education MEB runs educational administration of the country and is responsible for drawing up curricula, coordinating the work of official, private and voluntary organizations, designing and building schools, developing educational materials and so on.

The Supreme Council of National Education discusses and decides on curricula and regulations prepared by the Ministry. In the provinces, educational affairs are organized by the Directorates of National Education appointed by the Minister, but working under the direction of the provincial governor.

The academic calendar generally begins in mid-September and extends through to mid-June, with some variations between urban and rural areas. The school day usually have a morning and an afternoon session, but in overcrowded schools there is a split session.

Schools are in session for five days a week Monday to Friday in a total of hours. There is a two week winter break between January - February. Formal Education Formal education is the regular education of individuals in a certain age group and given in schools.

This includes Pre-Primary education, Primary education, Secondary education and Higher education institutions. Pre-Primary education Pre-Primary education is an optional education for children between years of age who are under the age of compulsory primary education.

The purpose of this education is to ensure physical, mental and sensory development of children and the acquisition of good habits, to prepare children for primary education, to create a common atmosphere of growth for those living in inconvenient circumstances and to ensure that Turkish is spoken correct and well.

Pre-school education is given in kindergartens, daycare homes, nursery classes in primary schools, and in private nurseries, all under the supervision of the Ministry.

They are usually concentrated in larger towns and cities. Primary education is compulsory for all boys and girls at the age of 5,5, and is given free of charge in public schools.

There are also private and paid schools under State control. In most of the primary schools, foreign language lessons start from 4th class.

Most elementary school students dress similarly in a type of uniform to avoid any social class differences between rich and poor students. At the end of 8 years, successful students go for the Secondary education for 4 more years. Secondary Education Secondary education is compulsory for four years and covers general, vocational and technical high schools Lycees, Lise in Turkish that provide four years of education used to be 3 years until General high schools prepare students for higher learning institutions.

Some of the secondary schools and the private secondary schools have foreign language preparatory classes. This kind of private lycees have double language education such as Italian Highschool, German Highschool, Austrian Highschool, French Highschool, and so on.

Vocational and technical high schools provide specialized instruction with the aim of training qualified personnel. Technical lycees include special formations such as electricity, electronics, chemistry, machinery, motors, building, etc.

The purpose of secondary education is to give students a minimum common cultureto identify individual and social problems, to search for solutions, to raise awareness in order to contribute to the socio- economic and cultural development of the country and to prepare the students for higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills.

In addition to normal high schools, there are also evening high schools usually operating in the same school building. These are designed to allow those who take up employment after primary or middle school to continue their formal education.Apr 04,  · Compulsory education in Turkey begins at age 5, and, as of , lasts through 12 th grade.

It is free of charge. The education system at this level falls under the purview of the Ministry of National Education (Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı), which sets the school curricula, and prepares and approves textbooks and teaching aids.

Mar 02,  · Education in Turkey is governed by a national system which was established in accordance with the Atatürk Reforms after the Turkish War of is a state-supervised system designed to produce a skillful professional class for .

Some of the radical changes in Turkish education system are as follows: The Law on “the Unification of Education” (Tevhid-i Tedrisat) in started the period of change in Turkish education system.

The radical changes needed for the improvement of the trkiyes education system

This law has two characteristics: It democratises education system and puts secularism into action. The Radical Changes Needed for the Improvement of the Trkiyes' Education System.

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The radical changes needed for the improvement of the trkiyes education system

Education Reform In Pakistan: This Time It’s Going To Be Different Sir Michael Barber At present, Pakistan is without a good education system. Indeed, if we are to speak plainly – as the. In March , a new law once again restructured the Turkish education system.

The new system, popularly known as "4 + 4 + 4", once again split compulsory public education into three periods, with.

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