Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia Receiving Induction or Consolidation Chemotherapy Zarxio is indicated for reducing the time to neutrophil recovery and the duration of fever, following induction or consolidation chemotherapy treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukemia AML [see Clinical Studies Patients Undergoing Autologous Peripheral Blood Progenitor Cell Collection and Therapy Zarxio is indicated for the mobilization of autologous hematopoietic progenitor cells into the peripheral blood for collection by leukapheresis [see Clinical Studies Patients with Severe Chronic Neutropenia Zarxio is indicated for chronic administration to reduce the incidence and duration of sequelae of neutropenia e.
Review the course material online or in print. Review your Transcript to view and print your Certificate of Completion. Your date of completion will be the date Pacific Time the course was electronically submitted for credit, with no exceptions.
Partial credit is not available. According to the standards, accredited facilities should have a program for the surveillance, prevention, and control of healthcare-associated infections HAIs .
The most important aspect of infection control is establishing multidisciplinary programs that promote teamwork and foster an organizational culture centered on patient safety.
HAIs are one of the leading causes of death and increased morbidity for hospitalized patients and are a significant problem for healthcare providers . Historically, these infections have been known as nosocomial infections or hospital-acquired infections because they develop during hospitalization.
As health care has increasingly expanded beyond hospitals into outpatient settings, nursing homes, long-term care facilities, and even home care settings, the more appropriate term has become healthcare-acquired or healthcare-associated infection.
Many factors have contributed to an increase in HAIs. Advances in medical treatments have led to more patients with decreased immune function or chronic disease. The increase in the number of these patients, coupled with a shift in health care to the outpatient setting, yields a hospital population that is both more susceptible to infection and more vulnerable once infected.
In addition, the increased use of invasive devices and procedures has contributed to higher rates of infection . According to data published inHAIs develop in an estimated 1 in 25 hospitalized patients excluding skilled nursing facilities ; this number varies from year to year and had previously been estimated at a high of 1 in 10 [1, 4, 94, 95].
As HAIs have become a cause for increasing concern, many national organizations, state departments of health, and professional organizations have taken additional steps to prevent or control infection in the healthcare environment. These efforts have been developed by healthcare quality agencies, professional associations, advocacy organizations, healthcare regulating bodies, and policymakers [6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13].
Inthe Institute for Healthcare Improvement IHI established theLives Campaign as a challenge to savepatient lives through six healthcare interventions, three of which were related to HAIs: Regulatory bodies have also focused on HAIs.
Perhaps the most aggressive campaign against HAIs has come from CMS, which has suspended reimbursement of hospital costs related to three categories of HAIs it considers "reasonably preventable: However, studies have shown that this policy has not been a contributor to any decrease in the rate of HAIs, and a survey indicated that adherence to only a few prevention strategies has increased as a result of the policy [97, 98].
The policy also has the potential to lead to increased unnecessary use of antimicrobials in an effort to prevent infections . The New York Codes, Rules, and Regulations require that certain healthcare professionals who may influence the control and prevention of HAIs complete training or education regarding infection control and barrier precautions .
New York State has also established professional standards of conduct to ensure that infection prevention and control practices are adhered to. According to the Rules of the Board of Regents: Part 29, "failing to use scientifically accepted infection prevention techniques appropriate to each profession for the cleaning and sterilization or disinfection of instruments, devices, materials and work surfaces, utilization of protective garb, use of covers for contamination-prone equipment and the handling of sharp instruments" is considered unprofessional conduct .Feb 05, · Efficacy of Waterless Hand Hygiene Compared with Handwashing with Soap: A Field Study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Hand sanitizer use by mothers resulted in and log reductions per hand of Escherichia coli and fecal O’Boyle C, Larson EL.
The effectiveness of hand hygiene procedures in reducing the . Urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection that is encountered frequently in outpatient settings in the United States, accounting for million visits in 1 Half of all women report.
The effectiveness of a disinfectant depends on its intrinsic biocidal activity, the concentration of the disinfectant, the contact time, the nature of the surface disinfected, the hardness of water used to dilute the disinfectant, the amount of organic materials present on the surface, and the type and the number of microorganisms present.
The original visual tool for teaching proper handwashing, aseptic techniques, and general infection control. In this age of concern over infectious diseases, security, and liability, Glo Germ™ is an effective tool to demonstrate handwashing, surface cleaning, hygiene, and containment techniques.
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