A Hypertext Timeline Last updated September 18, See the lesson plan designed for use with this timeline. This page was scanned for broken links and updated on August 21, However, it is virtually impossible to keep them all current.
To study human mind and learn its many mysterious, an academic discipline came into being called psychology. This field of science is dedicated to studying human behavior and mental processes. A person possessing a doctorate in psychology is called a psychologist in the most limited sense of the term.
He is endowed with the responsibility to evaluate, diagnose, treat and study mental processes. Its diversity is so vast it can only be approached through its historical perspective.
In particular psychology can be explored by taking a look at some of the most ingenious minds in this field. Each thinker brought novelty and distinct voice to this area of science.
A report published inReview of General Psychology, enlisted the names of some of the leading and most powerful psychologists of all time. These psychologists made incredible discoveries about human behavior and provided insightful information.
One of the most eminent and formidable Austrian psychologists was Sigmund Freud known for his uncanny methods and observations. He was the first qualified doctor of medicine and founding father of psychoanalysis.
It was a clinical method applied for treating the patient of psychopathology through dialogue between the patient and the professional. He maintained that most mental illnesses are embedded in physical health issues and external factors like culture play a significant role in this regard as well.
He is credited for exploring and expanding our knowledge of clinical psychology, abnormal psychology, personality and human development.
Another chief figure in the field of psychology was a Russian physiologist and psychologist, Ivan Petrovich Pavlov He is recognized for his Classical Conditioning Theory which demonstrate how a subject can be conditioned to perform certain tasks after several trials.
He contributed to the Transmarginal Inhibition theory and Behaviour Modification. He received his education from St Petersburg and was primarily a physiologist. Pavlovian conditioning method is still found relevant in this age to treat phobias among other mental conditions.
One American psychologist who left a profound imprint on psychology was Burrhus Frederic Skinneralso known as B. According to him, the notion that an individual possesses free will is merely an illusion. He was a strong proponent of conditioning because he believed that all human actions are based on a pattern followed by favourable or unpleasant stimuli which leads to conditioning.
His theory was an echo of Pavlovian conditioning but it was slightly more developed.
A Swiss clinical psychologist, Jean Piagetwas best known for his valuable contribution in child development. Besides, he was a genetic epistemologist as well. His work in the development of the theory of cognitive development is indispensable to modern psychology which deals with several intellectual development stages of a childhood.
Before him no one brought to light the fact that there are crucial points of difference between the way children perceive the world and adults do.
Cognitive development theory led to the emergence of subfield within psychology and this step revolutionized the domain of education as well. Piaget pioneered another remarkable theory that states that people construct their own reality based on their knowledge and interaction of experiences with their idea.
This theory is commonly known as Constructivist Theory. American psychologist known for laying the foundation of humanistic approach to psychology, Carl Rogers was an illustrious figure in the field of psychology.
He is credited for immensely contributing to both psychology and education with his psychotherapy. William James was another such multifaceted American psychologist In addition to being a psychologist he was a trained physician and a philosopher as well.
He is also credited for formally introducing psychology as an independent course in academic studies of America for the first time. Hence, he is often referred to as the father of American psychology.
His other areas of expertise were pragmatism and functionalism.
Developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst, Erik Erikson was an influential figure in the area of psychosocial development of homo-sapiens. He was an American psychologist with German roots. His theory show a clear-cut shift from nature to nurture as a fundamental developmental factor of human personality.
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky was an illustrious and leading twentieth century Russian psychologist. He is primarily recognized for presenting a sociocultural theory. He was a contemporary to many pre-eminent psychologists including Freud, Pavlov, Piaget and Skinner.
Surprisingly enough he was recognized posthumously for his work, unlike his contemporaries who achieved fame and success in their lifetimes.La psychologie de l'éducation est, selon l'APA (American Psychological Association), la discipline qui s'intéresse au développement, à l'évaluation et à l'application.
des théories de l'apprentissage et de l'enseignement ; du matériel éducatif, des programmes, des stratégies et des techniques issues de la théorie contribuant aux activités et aux processus éducatifs impliqués. Burrhus Frederic Skinner () was an American psychologist, social philosopher,and author.
He was a Professor of Psychology at Harvard University from until his retirement in , and perhaps the most influential behaviorist of the 20th century.
Behavior Modification - Behavior modification is happening more frequently than not in today’s society. It enforces and recognizes good behavior in many different circumstances, whether it is used on prison inmates which good behavior is rewarded with incentives, giving your animal a treat for doing a trick or if it is a golden star for a child’s good work done.
Learn about important events in the history of American education from to now! Also see SEP, EB, and Soshichi Uchii..
Siger of Brabant (). French philosopher. As one of the radical Aristoteleans in Paris, Siger endorsed the philosophy of Ibn Rushd and rejected medieval preoccupation with theological concerns in his Quaestiones in Metaphysicam (Metaphysical Questions).Suspected of pursuing a "double truth," Siger became one of the chief targets of the Condemnation of Published since , Biographical Memoirs provide the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences members.