The poet finds himself lost in a dark wood selva oscura astray from the "straight way" diritta via,  also translatable as "right way" of salvation. He sets out to climb directly up a small mountain, but his way is blocked by three beasts he cannot evade: The three beasts, taken from the Jeremiah 5:
The exact date of his birth is unknown, although it is generally believed to be around This can be deduced from autobiographic allusions in the Divine Comedy. Its first section, the Infernobegins, "Nel mezzo del cammin di nostra vita" "Midway upon the journey of our life"implying that Dante was around 35 years old, since the average lifespan according to the Bible Psalm Some verses of the Paradiso section of the Divine Comedy also provide a possible clue that he was born under the sign of Gemini: Inthe sun was in Gemini between approximately May 11 and June 11 Julian calendar.
He was clad always in most seemly attire, such as befitted his ripe years. His face was long, his nose aquiline, and his eyes big rather than small. His jaws were large, and his lower lip protruded.
He had a brown complexion, his hair and beard were thick, black, and curly, and his countenance was always melancholy and thoughtful. This suggests that Alighiero or his family may have enjoyed some protective prestige and status, although some suggest that the politically inactive Alighiero was of such low standing that he was not considered worth exiling.
The poet's mother was Bella, likely a member of the Abati family. It is uncertain whether he really married her, since widowers were socially limited in such matters, but this woman definitely bore him two children, Dante's half-brother Francesco and half-sister Tana Gaetana.
When Dante was 12, he was promised in marriage to Gemma di Manetto Donati, daughter of Manetto Donati, member of the powerful Donati family. But by this time Dante had fallen in love with another, Beatrice Portinari known also as Bicewhom he first met when he was only nine.
Years after his marriage to Gemma he claims to have met Beatrice again; he wrote several sonnets to Beatrice but never mentioned Gemma in any of his poems.
The exact date of his marriage is not known: To take any part in public life, one had to enroll in one of the city's many commercial or artisan guilds, so Dante entered the Physicians' and Apothecaries' Guild.
In the following years, his name is occasionally recorded as speaking or voting in the various councils of the republic.
A substantial portion of minutes from such meetings in the years — was lost, however, so the true extent of Dante's participation in the city's councils is uncertain.
Gemma bore Dante several children. Although several others subsequently claimed to be his offspring, it is likely that only JacopoPietro, Giovanni, and Antonia were his actual children. Antonia later became a nun, taking the name Sister Beatrice.
Education and poetry[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
December Learn how and when to remove this template message Not much is known about Dante's education; he presumably studied at home or in a chapter school attached to a church or monastery in Florence.
It is known that he studied Tuscan poetry and that he admired the compositions of the Bolognese poet Guido Guinizelli —whom in Purgatorio XXVI he characterized as his "father"—at a time when the Sicilian school Scuola poetica Sicilianaa cultural group from Sicilywas becoming known in Tuscany.
Dante's experience of such love was typical, but his expression of it was unique. It was in the name of this love that Dante left his imprint on the dolce stil novo sweet new style, a term which Dante himself coinedand he would join other contemporary poets and writers in exploring never-before-emphasized aspects of love Amore.
Love for Beatrice as Petrarch would show for Laura somewhat differently would be his reason for poetry and for living, together with political passions. In many of his poems, she is depicted as semi-divine, watching over him constantly and providing spiritual instruction, sometimes harshly.
When Beatrice died inDante sought refuge in Latin literature. He then dedicated himself to philosophical studies at religious schools like the Dominican one in Santa Maria Novella. He took part in the disputes that the two principal mendicant orders Franciscan and Dominican publicly or indirectly held in Florence, the former explaining the doctrines of the mystics and of St.
Bonaventurethe latter expounding on the theories of St. Nor speaking less on that account I go With Ser Brunetto, and I ask who are his most known and most eminent companions. Other studies are reported, or deduced from Vita Nuova or the Comedy, regarding painting and music.
December Further information: Guelphs and Ghibellines Dante, like most Florentines of his day, was embroiled in the Guelph—Ghibelline conflict. To further his political career, he became a pharmacist. He did not intend to practice as one, but a law issued in required nobles aspiring to public office to be enrolled in one of the Corporazioni delle Arti e dei Mestieri, so Dante obtained admission to the Apothecaries' Guild.
This profession was not inappropriate since at that time books were sold from apothecaries' shops.Mar 30, · Both are based on part one of Dante Alighieri's classic poem, The Divine Comedy, better known as Dante's Inferno. Inferno, the first of three books of Dante Alighieri‘s epic 14th century poem The Divine Comedy, in which a fictionalized Dante passes through Hell, Purgatory, and finally Heaven, isn’t really.
Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy: Inferno. Text & Commentary(Two Vol. Set) (Volume 1 and 2) (2 Book Series).
The first formal biography of Dante was the Vita di Dante (also known as Trattatello in laude di Dante), written after by Giovanni Boccaccio. Although several statements and episodes of it have been deemed unreliable on the basis of modern research, an earlier account of Dante's life and works had been included in the Nuova Cronica of the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani.
quotes from Dante Alighieri: 'Do not be afraid; our fate Cannot be taken from us; it is a gift.', 'My course is set for an uncharted sea.', and 'The hottest places in hell are reserved for those who, in times of great moral crisis, maintain their neutrality.'.
Inferno opens on the evening of Good Friday in the year Traveling through a dark wood, Dante Alighieri has lost his path and now wanders fearfully through the forest. The sun shines down on a mountain above him, and he attempts to climb up to it but finds his way blocked by three beasts—a.